Considering the constitutional importance of the question whether the mother tongue or the regional language can be imposed by the State as the medium of instruction at the primary education stage, the Supreme Court of India referred the case to a Constitution Bench with the following questions: –
(i) What does Mother tongue mean? If it referred to as the language in which the child is comfortable with, then who will decide the same?
(ii) Whether a student or a parent or a citizen has a right to choose a medium of instruction at primary stage?
(iii) Does the imposition of mother tongue in any way affects the fundamental rights under Article 14, 19, 29 and 30 of the Constitution?
(iv) Whether the Government recognized schools are inclusive of both government-aided schools and private & unaided schools?
(v) Whether the State can by virtue of Article 350-A of the Constitution compel the linguistic minorities to choose their mother tongue only as medium of instruction in primary schools?
(vi) Any other ancillary or incidental questions which may arise during the course of hearing of the case.